Ruaha National Park Tanzania – Safari | Location | Animals

(Last Updated On: April 9, 2021)

Ruaha National Park is a national park in Tanzania. The addition of the Usangu Recreation Reserve and different essential wetlands to the park in 2008 elevated its measurement to about 20,226 km2 (7,809 sq mi), making it the biggest protected space in Tanzania and East Africa.

Ruaha National Park: About

In this article, I am going to put a review on Ruaha National Park Tanzania, lion attack, location, safari, animals, fees, etc.

Ruaha National Park is the largest national park in Tanzania, however, there aren’t any sensible lodges right here. Not many roads both, or automobiles to navigate them.

There are solely easy, government-run campsites without electrical energy or ingesting water, and low-key personal camps, one a number of hours from any neighbors, with bucket showers and short-drop loos.

Ruaha National Park Area

The Ruaha National Park is about 130 kilometers (81 mi) west of Iringa. The park is part of the 45,000 sq. kilometers (17,000 sq mi) Rungwa-Kizigo-Muhesi ecosystem, which incorporates the Rungwa Recreation Reserve, the Kizigo and Muhesi Recreation Reserves, and the Mbomipa Wildlife Administration Space.

The Great Ruaha River as different rivers like Mwagusi, Jongomero, and Mzombe save because of the lifeline of the park.

Throughout the dry season, these rivers change into principally the principle supply of water for wildlife. There are few pure springs saving the identical objective.


The identity of the park is derived from the Nice Ruaha River, which flows alongside its southeastern margin and is the main focus for game-viewing.

The park will be reached by automotive on a dust highway from Iringa and there are two airstrips –

Msembe airstrip at Msembe (park headquarters), and Jongomeru Airstrip, close to the Jongomeru Ranger Submit.

Ruaha National Park History

Germany gazetted at the Saba Recreation Reserve in 1910. British colonial authorities modified the identity to the Rungwa Recreation Reserve in 1946. In 1964, the southern portion of the reserve was excised and elevated to full park standing.

The south – and Ruaha National Park specifically – will get none of this noisy, red-carpet remedy.

Created by the Germans in 1910 and expanded by the Brits, its girth was lately enlarged as soon as once more when the adjoining Usangu Recreation Reserve was absorbed into its boundaries.

Now overlaying greater than 20,000 sq. kilometers, it represents one in every of East Africa’s most essential conservation areas.

Add the truth that only a fraction of it’s utilized and Ruaha turns into extremely engaging for individuals who are, like me, perpetually in the hunt for actually wild locations.

Ruaha National Park weather

Ruaha National Park has a bimodal sample of rain forest; the brief rainfall season begins November to February, whereas the lengthy season is between March and April.

The annual imply rainfall ranges between 500mm-800mm with a common annual temperature of about 280c.

The park experiences its dry season between June and October when the temperature at Msembe headquarter reaches 350c.


Ruaha National Park has an excessive variety of vegetation and animals together with elephants, buffalos, antelopes, and a few uncommon and endangered species like a wild canine.

The Ruaha National Park serves as water shade each for wildlife and human being.

This makes it to be economically important because it helps agricultural actions downstream and contributes to hydro- electrical energy (HEP) for the nation at Mtera and Kidatu dams.

Ruaha National Park Birds

The Ruaha National Park is among the Tanzania birds’ paradise with greater than 571species and a few of them are recognized to be migrants from inside and out of doors Africa.

Migrating species from Europe, Asia, Australian rim, and Madagascar have been recorded within the park.

Species of curiosity within the park embrace Ruaha red-billed hornbill, scientific name Tokus ruahae which is dominant within the space.

The lately annexed wetland, the Usangu basin is among the nation’s essential fowl space (IBA) as acknowledged by Birdlife International.

Although birds will be seen all of the 12 months round, the most effective time for fowl watching is throughout the moist season.

Ruaha National Park Animals

Ruaha is believed to have an excessive focus on elephants than any national park in East Africa. Additionally, it is a spot the place, magnificent mammals like Kudu (each Higher and Lesser), Sable and Roan antelopes can simply be noticed in Miombo woodland.

The male Kudu have lovely spiraled horns whereas male Sable antelope have spectacular curved horns.

The Ruaha National Park can also be a habitat for the endangered wild dogs. Different animals within the park embrace lions, leopards, cheetah, giraffes, zebras, elands, impala, bat-eared foxes, and Jackals.

Ruaha National Park

Ruaha National Park Wildlife

Greater than 571 species of birds have been recognized within the park. Among the many resident species are hornbills. Many migratory birds go to the park.

Within the choice of the dry season, elephants receive water from dry sand rivers utilizing their entrance toes and trunks.

The remaining waterfalls alongside the Great Ruaha River are additionally essential habitat for hippopotamus, fish, and crocodiles.

In fact, all these predators must eat, and Ruaha has an in-depth menu for them to select from.

Antelope species are diverse and plentiful, together with waterbuck, kudu, roan, and sable.

The park additionally has one in every of Tanzania’s largest elephant populations, with over 10,000 of the magnificent animals thought to roam freely throughout its huge expanse.

The Great Ruaha River supplies the right habitat for aquatic creatures, together with hippos and Nile crocodiles.

The one notable absence on the park’s wildlife roster is the rhino, which was poached to extinction right here within the early 1980s.

Different famous animals discovered in this park are East African cheetah and lion, African leopard, and wild canine, noticed hyena, giraffe, hippopotamus, African buffalo, and sable antelope.

Since 2005, the protected space is taken into account a Lion Conservation Unit.

Activities at Ruaha national park

Ruaha national park is endowed with numerous animals a few of that are; elephants, lions, buffalos, African wild canine, larger and lesser kudu, leopards, lions, cheetah, impala, bushbuck, giraffes, and infrequently sable and roan antelopes.

The Ruaha National Park has numerous sport tracks the place vacationers can discover this animal the most effective locations for game viewing are within the water space throughout the dry season.

Guests come to Ruaha to identify wildlife, and there are a number of alternative ways to take action.

The park’s camps and lodges provide guided sport drives and night time drives and provide the advantage of a skilled ranger who is aware of which areas yield the most effective sightings.

You can too self-drive across the park throughout daylight, a thrilling choice for adventurers who prefer to discover independently.

Nevertheless, be warned that Ruaha’s roads are difficult, particularly throughout the wet season. You will want a 4×4 car and the know-how to drive it.

Walking safaris are additionally in style in Ruaha, whether or not you select to join one by your lodge or with the Tanzanian Parks service.

The latter provides guided day hikes that final from two to 4 hours, along with the multi-day Kichaka to Kidabaga route.

A number of lodges provide the choice to show your strolling safari into an unforgettable fly tenting expertise.

These embrace an evening or two spent out underneath the celebs in the course of the bush, with nothing however a mosquito internet separating you from the wilderness around you.

Ruaha National Park Bird watching

Ruaha National Park boats with over 500 fowl species and is actually a birders paradise for fowl fans, the park harbors each migratory and residential birds.

One of the best intervals for watching fowl is throughout the wet seasons, a number of the birds discovered on the park are African fish eagle, ashy starling, black-billed bustard, bateleurs, Eleanora’s falcon, emerald noticed wooden dove, crested barbet, lengthy crested eagle, Goliath heron, and white billed go away fowl among the many relaxations.

The wet season is a uniquely rewarding time for birding in Ruaha National Park, as that is when migrant species arrive from Europe, Asia, and North Africa.

Rising water ranges within the Usangu wetlands and across the Nice Ruaha River entice a plethora of waterbirds, together with giant flocks of white and Abdim’s storks.

Uncommon smaller birds of prey are one other spotlight of summer in central Tanzania. Sooty falcons, Eleonora’s falcons,

Amur falcons and Eurasian hobbies make a look presently of 12 months whereas resident birds are sporting their breeding plumage.

Guided nature walks

Ruaha National Park supplies guests with many strolling trails to expertise the wilderness on foot; the paths will expose you to rather a lot of birdlife and plant species in addition to animals.

This usually final for about two to 3 hours a guided nature stroll can also be an awesome alternative to take many pictures of nature and take again residence for remembrance.

Night game drives

Night game drives at Ruaha national park are completed often and the park’s headquarters have to be knowledgeable upfront vacationers will discover the park with an armed vacationer guided as you view nocturnal animals like hyenas and hippos providing you with exhilarating lifetime expertise of the night time whispers in Africa.

One of the best time to go to the most effective stored secret in Tanzania is throughout the dry season when animals are gathered inside the water our bodies quenching thirst this era is from June to October when the vegetation isn’t thick providing you with glorious and clear views of the magnificent park.

For many who love birding, the most effective time to go to the park is from November to April when migratory birds have arrived and the residential birds are breeding.

Nevertheless, the Ruaha National Park will be visited all year spherical thought roads possibly onerous to cross throughout the heavy rains because it will get muddy.

Ruaha National Park will be accessed by highway from Iringa which is about 130 kilometers squared; there are additionally chartered home flights that function inside the parks airstrips.


There are a number of selections in relation to lodging in Ruaha National Park. Ruaha River Lodge and Jabali Ridge are two of the park’s finest lodges.

The primary sits on the banks of the Great Ruaha River and contains 24 stone chalets, every with a veranda for personal game-viewing.

The second perches on a rocky outcrop overlooking the park and has eight luxurious suites, an infinity pool, and a spa.

There are additionally a number of tented camps. Prime selections embrace Kigelia Ruaha and Jongomero Camp, each with ensuite loos and alfresco eating.

Tanzania Parks additionally provides a variety of extra reasonably priced lodging choices, together with self-catering cottages, bandas, and campsites.

The latter are divided into public campsites (Tembo, Kiboko, and Simba) and particular campsites (Mbagi and Ifuguru).

Public campgrounds have primary amenities, together with bathrooms, showers, and kitchen amenities.

Particular campsites are wild camps with no amenities and may theoretically be booked upfront, however, this is not all the time mandatory.

Climate & When to Go at Ruaha National Park 

Ruaha National Park follows the identical basic climate patterns as the remainder of Tanzania, with a main dry season (June to October) and two wet seasons.

The brief rains final from November to December whereas the lengthy rains final from March to Might.

For many guests, the most effective time to journey is throughout the dry season, when the climate is sunny and dry however not too sizzling, and the roads are comparatively straightforward to navigate.

That is additionally the most effective time for game-viewing as a result of animals are inclined to congregate across the park’s water sources and are subsequently simpler to identify.

Nevertheless, the park is inexperienced and exquisite throughout the wet seasons. Birding is finest presently of 12 months, though a few of Ruaha’s extra distant areas could also be inaccessible.

Getting There

The simplest option to get to Ruaha is to fly in. There are two airstrips—one on the park headquarters in Msembe and one at Jongomero.

Coastal Aviation provides day by day flights from Arusha, Dar es Salaam, Selous, the Serengeti, and Zanzibar.

Auric Air and Safari Airlink additionally fly to Ruaha from numerous locations throughout Tanzania.

When you arrive on the airstrip, a consultant out of your lodge or camp needs to be ready to switch you to your lodging by 4×4 car.

In case you select to drive to Ruaha, it’s a three-hour drive alongside the filth highway from Iringa (roughly 80 miles) or a 10-hour drive from Dar es Salaam.

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