Sudan was popular for the northern white rhino. Sudan (1973 – 19 March 2018) was a captive northern white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum suti) who lived at the Dvor Krolov Zoo in the Czech Republic from 1955 and spent the rest of his life in Olipeta Preserve, in Likipia, Kenya. At the time of his death, he was one of the three most northern white rhinoceros in the world and the last known male of his subspecies. Sudan was honored on March 19, 2018, after suffering “age-related complications.”
In February of Czech, a group of six northern white rhinos, including two-year-old Sudan, were arrested in Sudan’s Shamba, signing a contract with Joseph Vigner, director of the Dover Krolov Zoo in Czechoslovakia. Now the Czech Republic). The detained group consists of two males (Sudan and Saut) and four females (Nola, Nuri, Nadi, and Nesari).
The number of northern white rhinoceros was already thought to be about 700 animals in the wild. To many environmentalists, keeping animals in nature was the only acceptable way to save rare subspecies. The Diver Krelov Zoo and their Chipperfield partners were then criticized for being caught. The zoo specializes in African fauna and already has its largest collection outside Africa.
Life in the Czech Republic
In 1973, the group, including Sudan, was sent to the KlovZoo in Davie to display their northern white rhinoceros. The zoo was the only one on earth where the northern white rhinoceros successfully bred, the last calf born in 2000.
Two years later they joined Nasima, who hails from Uganda but came from Nowsle Safari Park, near Prescott, and was later taken to the United States San Diego Zoo.
After 9, the northern white rhinoceros were wiped out in Uganda and Sudan, and 4 were left in the Garamba National Park in Xai (now the Democratic Republic of Congo). IUCN’s conservation breeding expert team met at the Kloev Zoo in DV to discuss ways to preserve the declining numbers of northern white rhinoceros.
Attempts to conserve subspecies include the importation of Ben (an old male from London) at 6, and the attempt to join a number of southern rhinos, including the return of the Saute (a calf from the original 1975 group) from the San Diego Zoo to the Dover Krolov Zoo in the sixth. Had met with. Several surgeries were performed on the females and their eggs; The genetic material, including the semen of Sudan, was stored.
Sudan gave birth to three calves in the Czech Republic and one became a grandfather. Sudan was born to Nabir, who was born on November 7 and died on July 25 at the Jule Krolov Zoo.
He was also the father of Nazin, who was taken to the Ol Pageta Conservancy in the 21st. Nazin was born in 7 and the dam became Nasima again. Sudan has ruled another lineage besides Nabir and Nazin. The third calf was born prematurely and died. Sudan was Fatu’s grandfather through his daughter Nazin.
DVR Klawvo rhinoceroses were getting older and no calves were born around the world after 25.
Anglifu, the world’s second-last male northern white rhinoceros, lived at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park with Nola until his death on December 23. Angalifu was out of lineage, leaving Sudan as the only fertile male to survive in the world even after Angalifu survived.
Experts met at the Kloev Zoo in Divor on June 25 to decide on more steps to conserve the subspecies. Czech zoo meetings with experts from the IUCN African Rhino Expert Group (FRSG), the World Zoo and Aquarium Association Waza, the Berlin Institute IJW and the Vienna Veterinary Institute, and the European Zoo and Aquarium
The Association EAZA has advised Sudan and its team to relocate from the Czech Republic to Africa. A considerable amount of controversy was successful, and strong objections were raised against the proposal, especially on the basis of the experience that experts and scientific institutions were available in Europe and could continue the uterus in the Czech Republic.
Back to Africa
On December 25, the rhinoceros were transferred to the Ol Pageta conservation for a “last chance of survival” breeding program, including three white rhinoceros in the north. It was hoped that Ol Pageata would provide a more natural habitat for animal breeding and a better hormonal balance. However, the attempt to breed with Sudan at the Ol Pazeta Conservancy failed.
One of the other three rhinoceros means of transport died in the Sun at the Ol Pageta Conservancy, Sun. After that, Sudan spent the last years of his life with his daughter Nazin and granddaughter Fatu.
Northern white rhinoceros are guarded 24 hours a day in the archive to protect against poaching, which is a major problem for rhinoceros. Safety includes horn-embedded transmitters, guards, fences, drones, watchdogs, and trained armed guards for about 24 hours.
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At the end of 2017, Sudan suffered an infection in his right back leg. Although her condition improved in the following months, the infection returned, and, in March 2018, her state severely deteriorated even after intensive care. Sudan was honored on March 19, 2018, after suffering “age-related complications.”
Weeks before Sudan’s death, Richard Wigan, CEO of the Ol Pageeta Conservation, stated that “Sudan has been technically infertile for many years, so the North as a species cannot affect the chances of white rhinos recovering.”
Scientific efforts to reproduce subspecies
After Sudan’s death, Jane Stjeskal, spokeswoman for the Divi Kralov Zoo, declared that “we must take advantage of the unique situation where cellular technologies are used to protect endangered species. This may seem incredible, but thanks to Sudan’s new advanced technology it is still a child.” Could. “
The campaign is now underway for in vitro fertilization of eggs from Nazin and fatu with Sudan’s semen and the resulting blastocystant implantation in the female white rhinoceros. In total, the eggs from two wives and the semen of five males are now available for possible future regeneration of the subspecies.